Image-based pan-tilt camera control in a multi-camera surveillance environment

TitleImage-based pan-tilt camera control in a multi-camera surveillance environment
Publication TypeConference Papers
Year of Publication2003
AuthorsLim S-N, Elgammal A, Davis LS
Conference NameMultimedia and Expo, 2003. ICME '03. Proceedings. 2003 International Conference on
Date Published2003/07//
Keywordsautomated, camera, cameras;, control;, detection;, environment;, image, image-based, information;, multicamera, object, pan-tilt, position;, processing;, sensors;, Surveillance, surveillance;, systems;, vantage, zero-position;, zero-positions;

In automated surveillance systems with multiple cameras, the system must be able to position the cameras accurately. Each camera must be able to pan-tilt such that an object detected in the scene is in a vantage position in the camera's image plane and subsequently capture images of that object. Typically, camera calibration is required. We propose an approach that uses only image-based information. Each camera is assigned a pan-tilt zero-position. Position of an object detected in one camera is related to the other cameras by homographies between the zero-positions while different pan-tilt positions of the same camera are related in the form of projective rotations. We then derive that the trajectories in the image plane corresponding to these projective rotations are approximately circular for pan and linear for tilt. The camera control technique is subsequently tested in a working prototype.