On-line density-based appearance modeling for object tracking

TitleOn-line density-based appearance modeling for object tracking
Publication TypeConference Papers
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsHan B, Davis LS
Conference NameComputer Vision, 2005. ICCV 2005. Tenth IEEE International Conference on
Date Published2005/10//
Keywordsappearance, approximation;Gaussian, Computer, density, density-based, detection;target, Gaussian, mixtures;object, modeling, modeling;real-time, processes;computer, sequences;object, technique;online, tracking;, tracking;online, vision;image, vision;sequential

Object tracking is a challenging problem in real-time computer vision due to variations of lighting condition, pose, scale, and view-point over time. However, it is exceptionally difficult to model appearance with respect to all of those variations in advance; instead, on-line update algorithms are employed to adapt to these changes. We present a new on-line appearance modeling technique which is based on sequential density approximation. This technique provides accurate and compact representations using Gaussian mixtures, in which the number of Gaussians is automatically determined. This procedure is performed in linear time at each time step, which we prove by amortized analysis. Features for each pixel and rectangular region are modeled together by the proposed sequential density approximation algorithm, and the target model is updated in scale robustly. We show the performance of our method by simulations and tracking in natural videos