Metric space similarity joins

TitleMetric space similarity joins
Publication TypeJournal Articles
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsJacox EH, Samet H
JournalACM Trans. Database Syst.
Pagination7:1–7:38 - 7:1–7:38
Date Published2008/06//
ISBN Number0362-5915
Keywordsdistance-based indexing, external memory algorithms, nearest neighbor queries, range queries, Ranking, Similarity join

Similarity join algorithms find pairs of objects that lie within a certain distance ε of each other. Algorithms that are adapted from spatial join techniques are designed primarily for data in a vector space and often employ some form of a multidimensional index. For these algorithms, when the data lies in a metric space, the usual solution is to embed the data in vector space and then make use of a multidimensional index. Such an approach has a number of drawbacks when the data is high dimensional as we must eventually find the most discriminating dimensions, which is not trivial. In addition, although the maximum distance between objects increases with dimension, the ability to discriminate between objects in each dimension does not. These drawbacks are overcome via the introduction of a new method called Quickjoin that does not require a multidimensional index and instead adapts techniques used in distance-based indexing for use in a method that is conceptually similar to the Quicksort algorithm. A formal analysis is provided of the Quickjoin method. Experiments show that the Quickjoin method significantly outperforms two existing techniques.